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Oil spill chemical dispersants research, experience, and recommendations : a symposium by

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Published by ASTM in Philadelphia, PA .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Oil spills -- Cleanup -- Environmental aspects -- Congresses.,
  • Dispersing agents -- Environmental aspects -- Congresses.,
  • Dispersing agents -- Toxicity testing -- Congresses.,
  • Aquatic ecology -- Congresses.

Book details:

Edition Notes

Statementsponsored by ASTM Committee F-20 on Hazardous Substances and Oil Spill Response, West Palm Beach, Florida, 12-13 Oct. 1982 ; Tom E. Allen, editor.
GenreCongresses.
SeriesASTM special technical publication ;, 840
ContributionsAllen, Tom E., ASTM Committee F-20 on Hazardous Substances and Oil Spill Response.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsTD427.P4 O385 1984
The Physical Object
Pagination465 p. :
Number of Pages465
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3193586M
ISBN 100803104006
LC Control Number83072943

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Although called for in the Oil Pollution Act of as a tool for minimizing the impact of oil spills, the use of chemical dispersants has long been controversial. This book reviews the adequacy of existing information and ongoing research regarding the effectiveness of dispersants as an oil spill response technique, as well as the effect of. The viability of dispersant as a means of control to minimize the overall environmental damage has been proven. The book addresses issues such as when should dispersant be used; what will be the results of the dispersant application; and what will be the short-term and long-term costs to the environment. CHEMICAL DISPERSANTS AND THEIR ROLE IN OIL SPILL RESPONSE. Larissa J. Graham, Christine Hale, Emily Maung-Douglass, Stephen Sempier, LaDon Swann, and Monica Wilson. Nearly two million gallons of dispersants were used at the water’s surface and a mile below the surface to combat oil during the. Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Type of Dispersants used on Mississippi Canyon Oil Spill. COREXIT® and are the two types of dispersants currently being used on the Mississippi Canyon Oil Spill. • Ingredientsare not considered to cause chemical sensitization; the dispersants contain .

  As part of this study, the committee will review research on the use of dispersants during actual spills, both for surface and subsurface applications (e.g., the Montara oil spill off the Australian coast and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico) to assess the net benefit of dispersant use in these cases.   Dispersants work much like the detergent soap that you use to clean grease from your dishes (but dispersants are less toxic). They contain molecules with a water-compatible ("hydrophilic") end and an oil-compatible ("lipophilic") end.   These dispersants are the chemical products especially designed for marine clean up. They are exclusively developed to deal with problems associated with marine related oil spills and the professional clean-up operations that follow the spill. The advanced marine technology has made it easy to tackle the marine oil spill problems with the help. Oil dispersants (chemical agents such as surfactants, solvents, and other compounds) are used to reduce the effect of oil spills by changing the chemical and physical properties of the oil. By enhancing the amount of oil that physically mixes into the water, dispersants can reduce the potential that a surface slick will contaminate shoreline.

Features: 1. Chemical dispersants (oil spill dispersants) utilizes the molecular interaction principle to break up oil spills from the state of aggregation to the smaller oil-water emulsion in the molecular state to make the oil spills on the water surface uniformly dispersed into the water system, so as to eliminate the oil spill pollution on the water surface.   After the spill, BP secured about a third of the world’s supply of dispersants, namely Corexit and , according to The New York Times. Of the two, is more toxic. Corexit dispersants emulsify oil into tiny beads, causing them to sink toward the bottom. Wave action and wind turbulence degrade the oil further, and evaporation. A federal judge has ordered President Donald Trump's administration to update its oil spill response plans and potentially limit the use of the chemical dispersants that were heavily used during. Oil Spill Dispersants: Mechanisms of Action and Laboratory Tests provides a comprehensive summary of current information available regarding the general formulation of commercial dispersants and their function to lower oil-water interfacial tension. The book considers how chemical dispersants work for oil spills, the properties and chemistry of oils (including weathering state), the variables.